H. Picou


The Round of the Nymphs

French School
Circa 1870

Oil on canvas

Signed on the bottom right 

Dimensions with frame : Height : 85 cm (33,5 in.) ; Width : 103 cm (40,5 in.) : Depth : 8 cm (3,1 in.)

Charming mythological scene representing a round of nymphs, symbol of fertility and benevolence, wearing crowns of flowers and dancing in the middle of a wheat field. They are accompanied by playful winged cupids flying around them and throwing flowers.

Author of genre and portrait scenes, Henry Picou has mainly distinguished himself, in the neo-Greek movement of the second half of the 19th Century, in the representation of allegorical paintings thanks to his delicate and colorful touch. 


Born on July 27th, 1824 in Nantes and died on July 17th, 1895 in Paris, Henry-Pierre Picou is an history, portrait and genre scenes painter, who has distinguished himself in the Neo-greek movement. Entering at twelve years old in the workshop of the painter Paul Delaroche, he then follows Charles Gleyre’s teaching in the Ecole Royale des Beaux-Arts de Paris.
In Paris, he becomes friend with young painters among which Jean-Léon Gérôme, Gustave Boulanger and Jean-Louis Hamon. This group, who is passionate about recent discoveries about Roman and Greek antiquity, starts exposing in the Salon in 1847, and Jean-Léon Gérôme’s painting, le Combat de coqs, awarded with a gold medal, allows them to be noticed and devotes Gérôme as the leader of this new Neo-greek movement. This artistic movement quickly becomes fashionable, also influencing the decorative arts and the architecture.
Henry Picou wins the second prize of Rome in 1853 for his painting Jésus chassant les marchands du Temple, preserved today in the Ecole nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris.
When Neo-greek artists are not so popular anymore, Henry Picou devotes himself to a career as a portraitist and genre scene painter, and exposes to the Salon paintings inspired by the lifestyle during the Second Empire or by historical themes. With a humanist sensibility and culture and considering the « Genius » as a goal to achieve, he doesn’t give up on working on representations of the Antiquity until the end of his life.


Dahesh Museum of Art in New-York
Musée des Beaux-arts de Nantes
Ecole nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts de Paris
Musée d’Orsay


E. Bénézit, Dictionnaire des peintres, sculpteurs, dessinateurs et graveurs, Gründ, 1999, t. 10, p. 893.
G. Schurr, 1820-1920 Les petits maîtres de la peinture, Les éditions de l’amateur, 1976, t.III, p.15.

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