A very fine “Chinoiserie” screen
Height : 110 cm (39 in.) ; Width : 62 cm (24 in.) ; Feet depth : 35 cm (14 in.)
A very fine Louis XV style fire-screen beautifully carved in gilt wood with acanthuses, flowers and scrolls, topped with birds, a quiver and a torch. A centered sliding panel made in Aubusson tapestry displays within a flowering frame a Chinese musician who makes dance a little dog to the sound of his triangle.
The most ancient references to tapestry date from 15th century. After the landscapes and verdures that were often represented during 15th and 16th century, tapestries appeared displaying characters from History, religion, literature or mythology. In 1600, Henri IV forbad the import of foreign tapestries; in 1665, Colbert granted trading license to the Aubusson workshops, which from now on owned the prestigious title of Royal Manufacture. In 1685, the “Edit de Nantes” revocation had unfortunate consequences for French tapestry: numerous protestant craftsmen from Aubusson emigrated to Germany or Switzerland. However, French state supported the Aubusson and Felletin workshops by sending designs, a dyer and a painter. During 18th century, Louis XV established the Savonnerie manufacture to create carpets. With the rise of this new fashion, Aubusson also started producing carpets in 1743.
« Les tapisserie d’Aubusson et de Felletin », Solange Thierry Editeurs – La Bibliothèque des Arts.
Aubusson, Beauvais, R. Fage, XIII, Paris, 1923, pp. 357-361.