A Center Table
Stamped Lemarchand, Ebéniste de la Couronne, 17 rue des Tournelles Paris.
France – Circa 1850
Ebony, darkened pearwood, gilt bronze, shell, brass and tin inscrutations, red morocco leather
Height: 73 cm (28,7 in.) ; Diameter : 125 cm (49,2 in.)
A large center table in black wood and metal marqueterie with shell in the arabesque Boulle style, covered with a red morocco leather. It rests on a three-scrolled gilt bronze adorned foot on three wheels. The table top is supported by six numbered drawers with gilt bronze frames.
The son of Charles-Joseph Lemarchand (1759-1826), who founded the Lemarchand cabinet-making dynasty around 1789, Louis-Edouard Lemarchand (1795-1872) came back to Paris in 1815 in order to help his father with the studio, after he studied architecture and spent two years in the military. They were successful and became Fournisseur Breveté du Garde-Meuble in 1817. After his wedding in 1828, Louis-Edouard settled his workshop at 17, rue des Tournelles. He joined forces in 1846 with André Lemoyne, who will be an official cabinet-maker under Napoleon III, and retired in 1852. Lemoyne father and son continued the activity until the firm was bought by Charles Jeanselme in 1893.
Louis-Edouard used the same stamp as his father, only suppressing his initial. At first, he cooperated with his father during the Restauration to produce furniture in the tradition of the Imperial style. Le Recueil de modèles d’ébénisterie composé pour la maison LEMARCHAND, ébéniste du Garde-Meuble, continuée par THEILLIER, undated and kept at the library of the Decorative Arts Museum, Paris, provides an overview of the production through original drawings. Active under Charles X then under Louis Philippe (creating pieces for Saint-Cloud, the Trianon, the Tuileries) and Napoléon III, he produced numerous pieces of furniture made of light wood, mahogany or ebony and metal marqueterie.
Les Ebénistes du XIXe siècle, Denise Ledoux-Lebard, Ed. de l’Amateur, 1984, pp.414-422.