Chandelier “with Eagle heads”
Height : 150 cm (62,9 in.) ; Diam. : 95 cm (37,4 in.)
Important Louis XVI-inspired chandelier in gilded bronze with 18 lights. The central shaft is made up of a dark blue cold-painted enamel baluster-shaped vase, surmounted by a fluted rod in gilded bronze surrounded by intertwined laurel branches, topped with a dome-shaped crown with openwork lambrequins, embellished with a bouquet of feathers. It is lit by two rows of six and twelve sconces surmounted by eagle heads and adorned with foliage scrolls, attached by six chains to the crown. The base ends with acanthus leaves ending with a pine cone.
This chandelier is inspired by the creations of the engraver-gilder Pierre Gouthière (1732-1813), one of the greatest French bronze-casters recognized for his excellence which earned him to count among his customers Queen Marie-Antoinette, Madame Du Barry and even the Count of Artois.
Louis-Auguste Marquis (1811-1885) teamed up in 1839 with another bronze-caster named Gilbert Honoré Chaumont (1790-1868), already specialized in lightings. They were awarded at the Exhibition of Industrial Products a bronze medal with their Renaissance style candelabra, a clock and a large chandelier with branches supported by children and chimeras. At the 1844 Exhibition, they were awarded another bronze medal. It was at this time that Chaumont retired from business and Marquis entered the “Réunion des Fabricants de bronzes” in Paris. He then moved his store from 23 to 25 of the rue Chapon. Marquis showed then alone and successfully his bronze casts and chandeliers at the Exhibition of Industrial Products of 1849. Under the Second Empire, the Marquis company set at 66 Boulevard de Strasbourg. As a leading provider of royal and imperial palaces since the creation of the house by Chaumont, Marquis continued to receive the title “Manufacturer of furniture of the Crown”. He thus supplied various palaces with chandeliers, light-arms and andirons, made in the Gothic, Renaissance and Louis XIV styles.
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