Height. 94,5 cm (37 in.) ; Width. 211 cm (83 in.) ; Depth. 76 cm (29.9 in.)
Very important chest-of-drawers in mahogany veneer and darkened wood. Rich and fine ornementation made of Louis XVI style gilded and chiselled bronze representing egg-and-dart and foliage friezes. Opening by four drawers, one in the belt, two hidden with a push-button and a larger central one. The lateral doors are decorated with portraits in medallions designating « M.ANT.ARCHISE D’AUTRICHE DAUPHINE DE FRANCE » and « LOUIS AUGUSTE DAUPHIN DE FRANCE ». It has four rubbed toupie feet and the top is made of white Carrare marble.
Our commode is a variation of the one stamped G. Beneman kept at the Louvre Museum (OA 5507), and was among the four bought by the Garde-Meuble in 1786 to the mercer Philippe-Ambroise Sauvage. Created by Joseph Stockel for the Comte de Provence, it has been re-veneered in mahogany and reduced. The door has been replaced by the drawers and the bronzes gilded. Made for Louis XVI’s room in Compiègne, it went in the Luxembourg Palace then the Tuileries until 1870.
Antoine Krieger (1804-1869) launched the cabinetmaking branch of Maison Krieger in the middle of the 19th century, before setting an important inner decoration department which provided much success and prestige to the company until 1945. The Krieger firm made allthe sketches and designs in ancient as well as contemporary styles. A thousand workers were employed at n°74-76 rue du Faubourg-Saint-Antoine in Paris, producing luxurious and standard furniture. The high quality making gave birth to oakwood or mahogany cabinets decorated with finely chosen veneers. The Krieger firm won a second-class medal at the 1851 Universal Exhibition of London and took part in many international exhibitions, such as Paris in 1855.
Guillaume Beneman (1750-1811). Native from Germany, he first opens a workshop in the Faubourg Saint-Antoine. Replacing Jean-Henri Riesener, he obtains the title of « ébéniste ordinaire du mobilier de la Couronne » and becomes Master in 1785. Noticed by the Queen, he produces important commands after becoming Master and works with the sculptor Jean Hauré, first to repair furniture then to execute copies and to modify existing furniture. He works for the Royal family until the Revolution, then for the Garde-Meuble. He settles at the 6 rue Forest in the Temple neighborhood until 1804.
Joseph Stockel (1741-1802). Native from Germany, he becomes Master on April 2nd, 1775 and settles rue de Charonne then rue du Faubourg-Saint-Antoine. His stamp can be found mostly on mahogany veneered furniture and in the neoclassical style. A lot of his production has been reworked by the cabinet-maker Guillaume Beneman (extension, reduction, re-veneering) and is then marked with both stamps.
D. Ledoux-Lebard, Denise, Le Mobilier Français du XIXe siècle, Dictionnaire des Ebénistes et des Menuisiers, Editions de L’Amateur, Paris, 1984, p.68-70 ; p. 590.
P. Kjellberg, Le Mobilier Français du XVIIIe siècle, Dictionnaire des Ebénistes et des Menuisiers, Editions de l’amateur, Paris, 1989, p.56-62
A. Pradère, Les Ebénistes Français de Louis XIV à la Révolution, Editions du Chêne, Paris, 1989, p.405-411 ; p.425