Ref. 1336

G. Grohe

Cabinet-maker
(1808-1885)

A very fine Vitrine

Stamped Grohé

France
1860

Height : 150 cm (59 in.) ; Width : 110 cm (43,3 in.) ; Depth : 43 cm (17 in.)

This ebony vitrine is highlighted by brass lines and gilded bronze ornaments. The interior is covered with a striped yellow satin fabric which contrasts with the dark structure. It is fitted with four glass shelves.

biography

Guillaume Grohé (1808-1885) born in the Grand Duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt came to France about 1827 and settled in Paris. With his brother Jean-Michel, he led in Paris at 30 rue de Varennes the family business “Grohé Frères”, offering furniture and art objects and presented successfully works at the Industrial Products Exhibition of 1834, which earned him an honorable mention. His success was as rapid as considerable. He won a silver medal in 1839 and a gold medal at the Industrial Products Exhibition of 1844. He was awarded the Legion of Honor in 1849 and was later promoted to the rank of officer. In 1861, his brother retired from business, leaving Guillaume alone at the head of the company. With no successor, the company ceased its activity in 1884. Become in recent years one of the leading cabinetmakers of his time, Guillaume Grohé was naturally appointed Supplier of royal and imperial houses: for King Louis XVIII (Louis XIV Console, National Exhibition of 1844; Renaissance style ebony cabinet, 1844), for King Louis-Philippe (Rosewood Commode-secretary, 1839, now in the Louvre museum), for Emperor Napoleon III (Mahogany dining-room furniture at Saint-Cloud Palace, 1855; many mahogany furniture in the Compiègne and Fontainebleau palaces, 1859), and after 1862 for Queen Victoria. Specialized in the making of furniture style, the Duke of Aumale commissioned him to furnish Chantilly Castle, and Mrs. Pelouze, Chenonceaux Castle. Grohé participated brilliantly in the Universal Exhibitions and was there several times a member of the jury. According to the report of the jury of the 1878 Paris Universal Exhibition, Grohé is described as “the undisputed master of the modern cabinet-making, was awarded all forms of praise, as he won all series of rewards.” Maxime Boucheron finally quoted in a Figaro newspaper’s report in 1884 that “Grohé was a truly great master of the art of the nineteenth century woodwork. A career spanning more than fifty years has filled our museums and national palaces with incomparable masterpieces. He assured the preponderance of French taste in furnishing luxury.

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