Ref. 1777

Baccarat

Crystal Manufacture

H. Vian

Bronze-caster (1860-1905)

(Attributed to)

« Griffins » Chandelier

France
Circa 1880

Gilded bronze, Cristal

Height : 165 cm (70 in.) ; Diameter : 95 cm (37,4 in.)

Important Louis XVI-inspired chandelier in gilded and chiseled bronze with twenty-two lights. The shaft is decorated with a sphere adorned with acanthus leaves and three griffin heads retaining by chains the bouquet with twisted arms underlined with acanthus ending in beaded basins. The whole is embellished with numerous cut crystal pendants springing from the bouquet and the egrets.

Biography

The famous crystal manufacture of Baccarat, dates back to the 18th Century, was awarded its first medal in 1823, during the « Exposition des Produits de l’Industrie » for the « brilliance and the sharpness of its crystal » and became then the most renowned French cristallerie. Baccarat was undoubtedly the only French manufacture, that exhibited steadily and magnificently its products at the various Universal Exhibitions, and especially between 1855 and 1867. In all reports one can read about the « perfection of the material and of its cut ».

Henri Vian (1860-1905), a bronze-caster active in the second half of the 19th Century, made a lot of interior decorations with chimney mantelpieces, ormolu and patinated-mounted vases, chandeliers… He produced articles of the highest quality. The signature can be either in script, usually with a lower case first letter for his Christian name as on these vases, or more commonly with initials h.V. in later pieces. The business, located at 5 rue de Thorigny in Paris (Salé Mansion, now Picasso Museum), was continued by Madame Vian after her husband’s death in 1905.

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