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Ref. 1224/50

BACCARAT

Crystal Manufacture

Magnificent Baccarat Crystal Chandelier

France
Circa 1870
Height. : 125 cm (49 ¼ in); Diam. : 85 cm (33 ½ in)

This magnificent chandelier is made of gilded bronze and crystal and presents twenty lights. The tubular shaft composed of garlands made of crystal octogones is adorned with crystal flower crowns. The lower part is fitted with a multitude of crystal drops and daggers. The crystal is remarkably flawless.

The Baccarat Manufacture, located in Lorraine, was the first French cristallerie to offer a large choice of lighting elements at the Exposition Nationale des Produits de l’Industrie Française in 1827. It will later produce monumental chandeliers to exhibit at the Expositions Universelles. Due to the inventiveness of the models, the quality of the crystal work allowing more striking light reflections, and the great dimensions of the pieces, the sparkling Baccarat chandeliers can be considered as exceptional works of art.

Provenance

Private Italian collection, Florence.

Biography

The famous crystal manufacture of Baccarat, that dates back to the 18th century, was awarded its first medal in 1823, during the “Exposition des Produits de l’Industrie” for the “brilliance and the sharpness of its crystal” and became then the most renowned French “cristallerie”. Baccarat was undoubtedly the only French manufacture, that exhibited steadily and magnificently its products at the various Universal Exhibitions, and especially between 1855 and 1867. In all reports one can read about the “perfection of the material and of its cut”. To keep its wealthy clientèle, among which the Royal family, Baccarat must discover new styles and decors as well as new materials.

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