Crystal, Gilded bronze
Height : 252 cm (99 in.) ; Diameter : 145 cm (57 in.)
A monumental Louis XV style Baccarat cut-crystal and gilded bronze cage shape chandelier. This rare and exceptional chandelier has a central cut-crystal baluster stem surrounded by an undulating cage frame which issues two tiers of acanthus cast scrolling arms terminating in forty-eight up-turned oak leaf cast nozzles. The chandelier is hung overall with large shaped prisms, and flowerhead drops and terminates in a pear shaped glass finial. The frame variously stamped with numbers and ‘JL’.
Between 1764 and 1860, with rare exceptions, the crystal Manufacture of Baccarat doesn’t sign its works. The first paper labels appear in 1860 and represent inside a circle, a carafe surrounded by a goblet and a cup above which is marked BACCARAT. From 1875, the brand BACCARAT in stick letters and in relief is present on some blown models and on the bronze parts of the mounts. It’s from 1936 that the carafe, surrounded by a goblet and a cup with BACCARAT marked above, appears systematically on the production.
The famous crystal manufacture of Baccarat, that dates back to the 18th Century, was awarded its first medal in 1823, during the « Exposition des Produits de l’Industrie » for the « brilliance and the sharpness of its crystal » and became then the most renowned French cristallerie. Baccarat was undoubtedly the only French manufacture, that exhibited steadily and magnificently its products at the various Universal Exhibitions, and especially between 1855 and 1867. In all reports one can read about the « perfection of the material and of its cut ».
Dany Sautot, Baccarat, une histoire, éd. Baccarat, 1993.
L’Art en France sous le Second Empire, Exposition Grand-Palais, Paris, 1979, p. 238-239.
Exposition Universelle de 1867, Rapport adressé à la commission d’encouragement, classe 16 et 17, p. 24 -25.
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